Browse Exhibits (3 total)
In the early hours of Saturday morning on the 29th of March 1920 the Lord Mayor pf Cork, Mr Tomás Mac Curtain, was murdered on the morning of his 36th birthday by heavily disguised raiders. The murderers were later found out to be Royal Constabulary (R.I.C) members by an official inquest into Mr Tomás Mac Curtains death, which took place from the 20th of March to the 17th of April in 1920. The wilful murder of Mr Tomás Mac Curtain took place at his family home in a two-story building at 40, Thomas Davis Street (Watercourse Road). The bottom floor of the building housed the family clothing business while the top two floors were used as the family residence.
At 7:30pm on Saturday the 11th of December the newly formed Auxiliary Police section of the R.I.C was ambushed near Dillon’s Cross on the way to Victoria Barracks (Collins Barracks). A number of bombs were thrown at the Lorries carrying the Auxiliaries and several were wounded and one killed. This ambush sparked violent and bloody reprisals throughout the city and lead to the infamous Burning of Cork, which lead to over 2,000 people being out of work, 57 businesses being destroyed, 200 buildings being damaged and an estimated total of two and a half million pounds worth of damage.
After his arrest on the 12th of August, Terence MacSwiney was Court martialled four days later at Victoria Barracks (Collins Barracks) and sentenced to two years in prison. Lieutenant Colonel James of the South Staffordshire Regiment headed the Court martial. The members of the Court were Major Percival of the Essex Regiment, Captain Reeves of the Hampshire Regiment and Captain Gover was the prosecutor.